The resources and activities in the Montessori environment are organised into 5 main areas:
practical life, sensorial, language, math and culture.
"I can do it myself"
Practical life curriculum teaches children how to perform everyday living skills that will enhance their independence. Children learn how to pour and use different utensils, prepare and serve food, care for themselves and their environment. The practical life area provides a positive link between home and school. Our children use real, functional child sized tools to perform the same tasks they have seen adults do; pouring, sweeping, scrubbing and polishing. All activities in the Montessori Practical Life curriculum exercise finger muscles and develop fine motor skills. Practical life encompasses 4 main areas: care of person, care of environment, grace and courtesy and control of movement. The purpose of the Practical Life activities is to improve concentration, co-ordination, control, independence and order which lay the foundation for learning in all other areas.
"Nothing comes to the intellect that is not first in the senses" (Montessori, Secret of Childhood, p. 100).
The Montessori Sensorial curriculum promotes the development and refinement of the five senses. Children learn through their senses and all materials in a Montessori environment provide learning through touch, taste, smell, sight, hearing or hands-on manipulation.
The Sensorial materials and curriculum create a method of learning through the senses and an introduction to the Montessori Mathematics curriculum. Children enjoy exploring Sensorial exercises especially around the age of 3 and 4. Some examples of sensorial learning activities are sorting objects, matching colours, matching same tastes or same smells.
Maria Montessori did not believe that reading, writing, spelling and language should be taught as separate entities. Oral language acquired since birth is further elaborated and refined through a variety of activities such as songs, games, poems, stories and classified language cards.
Indirect preparation for writing begins with the practical life and sensorial exercises. Muscular movement and fine motor skills are developed along with the ability of the child to distinguish the sounds which make up language.
Learning mathematical concepts in a Montessori environment begins using concrete materials and progresses towards the abstract. They are developed from simple to complex. Math materials are beautifully designed and developmentally appropriate. Order, co-ordination, concentration and independence are experienced by the child using these materials.
The cultural area of the Montessori classroom covers a variety of subjects. Geography, Science, Botany, Zoology and History are included as well as Art and Music.
The Culture curriculum provides a wide array of activities including learning about the continents of the world and their uniqueness such as animals and habitats. Montessori Culture activities include pictures of the places and people of the continents, books and flags of the world. Children learn the names of the continents, oceans and countries of the world. They learn through "hands-on" materials such as puzzle maps of the world.
Montessori Culture activities help to inspire a love of learning and offer children a new perspective of the world. Children's eyes light up with the Montessori games and activities that explore far off lands, providing their imagination with more places to explore and countries to visit in the future.